村上正志|Masashi Murakami

地球上には多種多様な生物が生活しています。多様性がどのようにして生じ、そして維持されているのかを知ることが、私の研究目的です。それぞれの生物の分子基盤から多様化の過程を構築するというボトムアップアプローチと、集団にみられる特徴的な構造をもとに、その成立過程を再現するというトップダウンアプローチを組み合わせることで、この疑問に迫るべく研究を進めています。

千葉大学・大学院理学研究科・准教授

専門:群集生態学
産まれ:京都
出身大学:北海道大学

 

担当授業

学部

理学部・生物学科

・生命科学B5(1年生対象、後期・後半)
・生態学(2年生前期)
・情報処理(1年生前期・後半)

実習

・生態学実験II (筑波大学菅平高原実験センターで実施)

普遍

・環境コア 生物間相互作用と生物多様性

大学院

・生物群集動態論
・生物学総合講義Ⅱ(隔年開講)
・生態学特論1

 

業績

原著論文

2017

■ M Volf, P Pyszko, T Abe, M Libra, N Kotásková, M Šigut, R Kumar, O Kaman, PT Butterill, J Šipoš, H Abe, H Fukushima, P Drozd, N Kamata, M Murakami, V Novotny (in press) Phylogenetic composition of host plant communities drives plant-herbivore food web structure. Journal of Animal Ecology

2016

Okamura Y, Sawada Y, Hirai M & Murakami M (2016) The effects of different secondary metabolite profiles in plant defense syndromes on specialist and generalist herbivores. Entomological Science.

2015

■ Endo I, Ohte N, Kohei Iseda, Keitaro Tanoi, Atsushi Hirose, Natsuko I. Kobayashi, Masashi Murakami, Naoko Tokuchi, Mizue Ohashi (2015) Estimation of radioactive 137-cesium transportation by litterfall, stemflow and throughfall in the forests of Fukushima. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 149: 176–185.

Murakami M., Harada S., Ichiyanagi H., Suzuki T., & Yamagishi S. (2015) Water reservoirs as reservoirs of non-breeding waterfowl: the importance of shallow areas for maintaining diversity. Bird Study.

■ Hirao, T., Kubota, Y., Murakami, M. (2015), Geographical patterns of butterfly species diversity in the subtropical Ryukyu Islands: the importance of a unidirectional filter between two source islands. Journal of Biogeography. doi: 10.1111/jbi.12501 LINK

■ Matthew L. Forister, Vojtech Novotny, Anna K. Panorska, Leontine Baje, Yves Basset, Philip T. Butterill, Lukas Cizek, Phyllis D. Coley, Francesca Dem, Ivone R. Diniz, Pavel Drozd, Mark Fox, Andrea E. Glassmir, Rebecca Hazen, Jan Hrcek, Joshua P. Jahner, Ondrej Kaman, Tomasz J. Kozubowski, Thomas A. Kursar, Owen T. Lewis, John Lill, Robert J. Marquis, Scott E. Miller, Helena C. Morais, Masashi Murakami, Herbert Nickel, Nicholas A. Pardikes, Robert E. Ricklefs, Michael S. Singers, Angela M. Smilanich, John O. Stireman, Santiago Villamarín-Cortez, Stepan Vodka, Martin Volf, David L. Wagner, Thomas Wallau, George D. Weiblen & Lee A. Dyer (2015). The global distribution of diet breadth in insect herbivores. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112: 442–447. LINK

村上正志鈴木隆央、大手信人、石井伸昌 (2015) 森林生態系における放射性セシウムの鳥類への移行.日本鳥類学会誌. 64:55-61.

Akeboshi A, Takagi S, Murakami M, Hasegawa M, & Miyashita T (2015) A forest–grassland boundary enhances patch quality for a grassland-dwelling butterfly as revealed by dispersal processes. Journal of Insect Conservation. 19: 15-24. LINK

Nakadai, R, & Murakami, M (2015). Patterns of host utilisation by herbivore assemblages of the genus Caloptilia (Lepidoptera; Gracillariidae) on congeneric maple tree (Acer) species. Ecological Entomology, 40(1), 14-21. LINK

2014
■ Nakadai R, Murakami M & Hirao T (2014) Effects of phylogeny, leaf traits, and the altitudinal distribution of host plants on herbivore assemblages on congeneric Acer species, Oecologia. 175: 1237-1245. LINK

■ Murakami M, Nobuhito Ohte, Takahiro Suzuki, Nobuyoshi Ishii, Yoshiaki Igarashi & Keitaro Tanoi (2014) Biological proliferation of cesium-137 through the detrital food chain in a forest ecosystem in Japan. Scientific Reports. 4 : 3599, DOI: 10.1038 LINK

■ Watanabe K, Murakami M, Hirao T, & Kamata N (2014) Species diversity estimation of ambrosia and bark beetles in temperate mixed forests in Japan based on host phylogeny and specificity. Ecological Research 29: 299-307. LINK

2013
■ Hirao, T., Murakami, M., Kubota, Y. (2013) Species abundance distributions of moth and beetle assemblages in a cool-temperate deciduous forest. Insect Conservation and Diversity 6: 494–501. doi: 10.1111/icad.12006

2011
■ Fukui D., Hirao T., Murakami M., and Hirakawa H. (2011) Effects of treefall gaps created by windthrow on bat assemblages in a temperate forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 261: 1546–1552.

■ Kubota, Y., Hirao, T., Fujii, S.-j. and Murakami, M. (2011), Phylogenetic beta diversity reveals historical effects in the assemblage of the tree floras of the Ryukyu Archipelago. Journal of Biogeography, 38: 1006–1008.

2010
■ Murakami, M. and Hirao, T. (2010), Lizard predation alters the effect of habitat area on the species richness of insect assemblages on Bahamian isles. Diversity and Distributions, 16: 952–958.

■ Murakami, M. and Hirao, T. (2010), Nestedness of insect assemblages on small Bahamian islands: importance of spatial processes. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 3: 211-235.

■ Fausch K.D., Baxter, C.V., & Murakami M., (2010) Multiple stressors in north temperate streams: lessons from linked forest–stream ecosystems in northern Japan. Freshwater Biology 55: 120-134.

2009
■ Takimoto, G., Iwata, T., & Murakami, M. (2009) Timescale hierarchy determines the indirect effects of fluctuating subsidy inputs on in situ resources. The American Naturalist 173: 200-211.

■ Hirao, T., Murakami, M. & Kashizaki, A. (2009) Importance of the understory stratum to entomofaunal diversity in a temperate deciduous forest. Ecological Research 24: 263-272.

■ Murakami, M., Hirao, T. & Kasei, A. (2009) Effects of habitat configuration on host-parasitoid food web structure. Ecological Research 23: 1039-1049. (Ecological Research Award)

■ Murakami, M., Hirao, T., Iwamoto, J. & Oguma, H. (2009) Effects of windthrow disturbance on a forest bird community depend on spatial scale. Basic and Applied Ecology 9: 762-770.

2008
■ Hirao, T., Murakami, M. & Oguma, H. (2008) Functional spatial scale of community composition change in response to windthrow disturbance in a deciduous temperate forest. Ecological Research 23: 249-258.

■ Hirao, T., Murakami, M. & Kashizaki, A. (2008) Effects of mobility on daily attraction to light traps: comparison between lepidopteran and coleopteran communities. Insect Conservation and Diversity 1: 32-39.

■ Hirao, T., Murakami, M., Iwamoto, J., Takafumi, H. & Oguma, H. (2008) Scale-dependent effects of windthrow disturbance on forest arthropod communities. Ecological Research 23: 189-196.

■ Murakami, M., Ichie, T. & Hirao, T. (2008) Beta-diversity of lepidopteran larval communities in a Japanese temperate forest: effects of phenology and tree species. Ecological Research 23: 179-187.

■ Hirao, T. & Murakami, M. (2008) Quantitative food webs of lepidopteran leafminers and their parasitoids in a Japanese deciduous forest. Ecological Research 23: 159-168.

2007
■ Hirao, T., Murakami, M., Kashizaki, A. & Tanabe, S.-I. (2007) Additive apportioning of lepidopteran and coleopteran species diversity across spatial and temporal scales in a cool-temperate deciduous forest of Japan. Ecological Entomology 32: 627-636.

■ Murakami, M., Hirao, T. & Ichie, T. (2007) Comparison of lepidopteran larval communities among tree species in a temperate deciduous forest, Japan. Ecological Entomology 32: 613-620.

■ Baxter, C.V., Fausch, K.D., Murakami, M. & Chapman, P.L. (2007) Invading rainbow trout usurp a terrestrial prey subsidy from native charr and reduce their growth and abundance. Oecologia 153: 461-470.

■ Uesugi, A. & Murakami, M. (2007) Do seasonally fluctuating aquatic subsidies influence the distribution pattern of birds between riparian and upland forests? Ecological Research 22: 274-281.

■ 村上正志, 大島成生, 山岸哲 (2007) 羽化水生昆虫が河畔林の鳥類におよぼす影響. 山階鳥類学雑誌 38: 80-89.

2006
■ Hirao, T., Murakami, M., Kogi, H., Kashizaki, A., Hirai, Y., Tanabe, S.-I., Inari, N., Yorozuya, H. & Toda, M.J. (2006) International Biodiversity Observation Year in Western-Pacific and Asian Region (DIWPA-IBOY): A case report on species rarity and spatio-temporal variability of species composition in Lepidoptera and Coleoptera communities from a temperate forest of northern Japan. Ecological Research 21: 811-818.

■ Fukui, D., Murakami, M., Nakano, S. & Aoi, T. (2006) Effect of emergent aquatic insects on bat foraging in a riparian forest. Journal of Animal Ecology 75: 1252-1258.

2005
■ Murakami, M., Toda, M., Yoshida, K. & Hara, H. (2005) Spatio-temporal variation in Lepidoptera larval community depending on oak, Quercus crispula: the importance of leaf quality. Ecological Entomology 30: 521-531.

■ Kishi D., Murakami, M., Nakano, S. and Maekawa, K. (2005) Water temperature determines strength of top-down control in a stream food web. Freshwater Biology 50: 1315-1322.

2004
■ Kohzu, A., Kato, C., Iwata, T., Murakami, M., Nakano, S. & Wada, E. (2004) Stream food web fueled by methane-derived carbon. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 36: 189-194.

■ Baxter, C.V., Fausch, K.D., Murakami, M. & Chapman, P.L. (2004) Fish invasion restructures stream and forest food webs by interrupting reciprocal prey subsidies. Ecology 85: 2656-2663.

■ Hasegawa, K., Yamamoto, T., Murakami, M. & Maekawa, K. (2004) The comparison of competitive ability between native and introduced salmonids: an evidence from pair wise contests. Ichthyological Research 51: 191-194.

■ Kishi D., Murakami M., Taniguchi Y., & Nakano S., (2004) Effect of the forestry on the stream temperature and thermal restriction for stream resident Dolly Varden Salvelinus malma. Ecological Research 19: 283-290.

2003
■ Iwata T, Nakano S, & Murakami M. (2003) Stream meander increases insectivorous bird abundance in riparian deciduous forests. Ecography 26: 325-337.

2002
■ Fukui, A., Murakami, M., Konno, K. Nakamura, M. & Ohgushi, T. (2002) A leaf-rolling caterpillar improves leaf quality. Entomological Science 5: 263-266.

■ Fausch, K.D., Power M.E., & Murakami M. (2002) Reciprocal subsidies between forest and stream food webs: Shigeru Nakano’s legacy for ecology in Japan. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17: 429-434.

■ Takimoto, G., Iwata, T. & Murakami, M. (2002) Seasonal subsidies stabilize consumer-resource interactions: a balance in a heterogeneous landscape. Ecological Research 17: 433-439.

■ Murakami, M. & Nakano, S. (2002) Indirect effect of aquatic insect emergence on terrestrial herbivore population through bird predation. Ecology Letters 5: 333-337.

■ Murakami, M. (2002) Foraging mode shift in forest insectivorous birds. Ornithorogical Science 1: 63-69.

2001
■ Nabeshima, E., Murakami, M. & Hiura, T. (2001) Interactive effects of herbivory and light condition on induced defense and photosynthesis in Quercus crispula. Journal of Plant Research 114: 403-409.

■ Murakami, M. & Nakano, S. (2001) Species-specific foraging behavior of birds in riparian forest. Ecological Research 16: 99-110.

■ Nakano, S. & Murakami, M. (2001) Reciprocal subsidies: Dynamic interdependence between terrestrial and aquatic food webs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 98: 166-170.

2000以前
■ Murakami, M. & Nakano, S. (2000) Bird function in a forest canopy food web. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 267: 1597-1601.

■ Wada, N., Murakami, M. & Yoshida, K. (2000) Effects of herbivore-bearing adult trees of the oak Quercus crispula on the survival of their seedlings. Ecological Research 15: 219-227. (Ecological Research Award)

■ Murakami, M. (1999) Effect of avian predation on survival of leaf-rolling lepidopterous larvae. Researches on Population Ecology 41: 135-138.

■ Murakami, M. (1998) Foraging habitat shift in insectivorous birds due to insect herbivores response to strengthening defense of canopy trees. Ecological Research 13: 73-82.

■ Murakami, M. & Wada, N. (1997) Difference in leaf quality between canopy trees and seedlings affects migration and survival of spring-feeding moth larvae. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 27: 1351-1356.

総説
■ 平尾聡秀・久保田康裕・村上正志 (2012) 生物多様性の維持機構の解明に中立理論が果たす役割.生物科学64: 242-249.

■ Hirao, T., Murakami, M. & Onoyama, K. (2005) Review of factors affecting patterns and processes of community assembly. Japanese Journal of Ecology (in Japanese) 50: 29-50.

■ 平尾聡秀, 村上正志, 小野山敬一 (2005) 群集集合に影響を及ぼす要因. 日本生態学会誌 55: 29-50.

■ 村上正志 (2001) 河畔林の鳥類群集.日本鳥類学会誌 50: 115-124.

■ Murakami, M. (2001) Birds in Riparian Forest. Japanese Journal of Ornithology (in Japanese) 50: 115-124.

著書
■ 村上正志 (2012) 鳥類.河川生態学 (川那部浩哉、水野信彦監修、中村太士編). 講談社.

■ Ohte, N., M. Murakami, T. Suzuki, K. Iseda, K. Tanoi, and N. Ishii. (2012) Diffusion and export dynamics of 137Cs deposited on the forested area in Fukushima after the nuclear power plant accident in March 2011: Preliminary results. Pages 25-32 Proceedings of the International Symposium onEnvironmental monitoring and dose estimation of residents after accident of TEPCO’s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Stations, Shiran Hall, Kyoto, Japan, December 14, 2012. KUR Research Program for Scientific Basis of Nuclear Safety.

■ 村上正志, 平尾聡秀 (2007) 鳥類群集の保全. 保全鳥類学 (山岸哲編) pp 151-165. 京都大学学術出版会.

■ 村上正志 (2004) 森の中のサケ科魚類. サケ・マスの生態と進化 (前川光司編) pp 193-211. 文一総合出版.

■ Murakami, M. & Hiura, T. (2003) Tomakomai Experimental Forest. Studying Forest Canopies from Above: The International Canopy Network (Basset, Y. Horlyck, V. & Wright, S.J. eds.) pp 90-97. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and UNEP.

■ Murakami, M. & Hiura, T. (2002) Hokkaido canopy crane. The Global Canopy Handbook (Mitchell, A.W., Secoy, K. & Jackson, T. eds.) pp 51-53. Global Canopy Programme.

■ 村上正志 (2002) 景観の多様性と鳥類群集:河畔林の鳥類群集. これからの鳥類学 (山岸哲,樋口広芳編) pp 250-261. 裳華房.

■ 村上正志 (2000) 森林における鳥‐虫‐植物の三者関係. 森の自然史―複雑系の生態学― (菊沢喜八郎,甲山隆司編) pp 165-176. 北海道大学図書刊行会.